Euler Method is a Numerical technique used to solve ordinary differential equations.

In this post I will show you how to write a C program to find the solution of a first order differential equation using the Euler’s Method.

Let’s say we have a differential equation

One can easily see that, is the solution.

Now if we have some initial values for the function, like if we are given , then we know that the constant of integration .

Using this we can now calculate the value of y for any given x.

This is what we would like to achieve from our program. We cannot have our program tell us the analytical form of y, but we can approximate the value of y for a given x, using the Euler’s Method.

In Euler’s Method, we ask the user to give us the initial values for x and y.

Let’s call these and .

Then we find out the slope of at , using the differential equation .

Then we use this slope to find the value of at . So basically we approximate the function using a line. Therefore, for better accuracy the value of should be very small.

We keep on incrementing x and approximating y until we reach the x value for which y is desired.

### Algorithm:

- Enter the initial values of and (xi and yi respectively).
- Enter the value of , for which is to be determined.
- Enter the width of the interval, ‘’.
- Do:

y=y0+(h*dy/dx(xi,yi))

yi=y.

xi=xi+h

Until (xi>=x) - Print y, which is the solution.

### PROGRAM:

/*********************************************** ****EULER METHOD FOR DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS***** ***********************************************/ #include<stdio.h> #include<math.h> /*Define the RHS of the first order differential equation here(Ex: dy/dx=f(x,y)) */ double f(double x, double y){ return -2*x-y; } main(){ int i; double y,xi,yi,xf,h; printf("Enter the initial condition for y: "); scanf("%lf",&yi); printf("Enter the initial condition for x: "); scanf("%lf",&xi); printf("Enter the value of x for which y is required: "); scanf("%lf",&xf); printf("Enter the step-width h: "); scanf("%lf",&h); printf("x\t\ty\t\ty'\t\thy'\t\ty+hy'\n"); printf("__________________________________________________________________________\n"); //Begin Euler Routine while(xi<xf){ y=yi+h*f(xi,yi); printf("%lf\t%lf\t%lf\t%lf\t%lf\n",xi,yi,f(xi,yi),h*f(xi,yi),y); yi=y; xi=xi+h; } printf("%lf\t%lf\n",xi,yi); printf("__________________________________________________________________________\n"); printf("The value of y is %lf\n\n",y); }

### OUTPUT:

### REFERENCES:

http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/Classes/DE/EulersMethod.aspx

Ph.D. researcher at Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, Germany. I’m a physicist specializing in computational material science. I write efficient codes for simulating light-matter interactions at atomic scales. I like to develop Physics, DFT, and Machine Learning related apps and software from time to time. Can code in most of the popular languages. I like to share my knowledge in Physics and applications using this Blog and a YouTube channel.

It was really a previledge for me to see this. I learnt a lot from it. May God increase your strength sir